Braces are any appliance that is fixed to the teeth to correct individual tooth positions and improve how the teeth mesh together (the occlusion).
Commonly, two types of braces are available, stainless steel or clear. Often, teenagers will have steel braces and change colours on the braces. Adults and older teens will often prefer clear braces; which are possible on the upper teeth and sometimes on the lower teeth, depending on the type of bite. In either case, stainless steel or clear, the results will be the same.
Braces use steady, gentle pressure to gradually move teeth into their proper positions.
The main components are the brackets that are placed on your teeth and the arch wire that connects them. When the arch wire is placed into the brackets, it applies pressure to move your teeth to their new positions. The size, shape and composition of the arch wire can all be varied. In addition, elastic bands, often between upper and lower teeth, can be used to improve the bite (occlusion).
Putting the braces on your teeth does not hurt.
Once your teeth are clean and dry, the braces simply stick to the tooth surface using specialised glue and techniques. Your braces are then connected with the arch wires and from this point on you may feel some pressure on your teeth. Be mindful that your lips and cheeks may need some time to get used to the braces.